With the advancement of science and technology, more and more intelligent equipment has entered the breeding industry, especially automatic drinking equipment and automatic feeding husbandry equipment are more common. After installation, it has indeed reduced a lot of labor and improved the breeding efficiency. In the process of using nipple drinkers in most chicken farms, there will be unreasonable installations, which will affect chicken production and normal drinking water for chickens. Therefore, when installing, the rationality of its drinking fountains should be considered.
1.General requirements for installing nipple drinking fountains
The installation of nipple drinking fountains should be standardized and reasonable to ensure that the water pipes are straight and that the water supply to each section of the water pipes is even. A water quality filter should be installed at the water inlet end of the water pipe to prevent foreign matter from entering the drinking water system to block the drinking fountain and pollute the water quality. The drinking nipple should be installed vertically downward to avoid water leakage and meet the drinking habits of chickens with their heads up. According to the number of layers of chicken cages in the chicken house, a pressure-controlled water tank should be installed at the water inlet end of each layer of chicken cages to ensure the water pressure in each section of the water pipe steady. The end of the water pipe should be installed with a plug that can flexibly open the water pipe, so that the water pipe can be opened at any time to release foreign objects or deteriorated water in the water pipe.
When installing the nipple drinker
, the drilling hole of the drinking water pipe must be round and smooth, so that the drinking nipple and the water pipe is in close contact, so as to ensure no water leakage. The drinking nipple should be installed in the middle of the water pipe, not close to one side, otherwise the drinking water pipe will be deformed due to temperature changes (heat expansion and contraction), resulting in pushing the drinking nipple, resulting in the inability of the drinking nipple and the water pipe to be in close contact and causing water leakage.
2. Specific requirements for installing nipple drinking fountains
1)Installation of nipple drinking fountains for chicks
During the brooding period, the nipple drinker should be installed in an obvious place where the chicks are easy to find, so that the chicks can find the drinking nipple in time and drink water. According to the bird's habit of drinking water with its head raised, the drinking nipple should be installed above the body of the bird. The chick grows faster during the brooding period, and the adjustable space should be left when installing the drinking nipple. The height of the nipple drinker can be adjusted at any time according to the growth of the chicken, so as to ensure the normal drinking of the chicken and meet the drinking habits of the chicken. Prevent the nipple drinker from being too low, and the chickens are easy to touch the nipple drinker and leak water. If the nipple drinker is too high,the chicks cannot reach the nipple drinker and cannot drink water, which will affect the normal growth and health of the chicks. According to the number of chickens, determine the number of drinking nipples installed. The number of chickens in the chick stage is large, and as many drinking nipples as possible should be installed on the automatic drinking equipment in the chicken shed, which is conducive to the first drinking training of the chicks, meets the drinking water needs of the chicks, and prevents the chickens from grabbing water. Crowded, crushed chickens.
2)Installation of nipple drinking fountains for young chickens
Young chickens grow fast, so more attention should be paid to the installation height of the nipple drinker, leaving a large adjustable space so that the height of the drinking nipple
can be adjusted at any time according to the growth of the chicken. Young chicken drinking nipples are generally installed above the trough in front of the chicken cage, and the installation direction of the drinking nipple should be slightly inclined 10 degrees to the inside of the chicken cage. This can not only meet the convenience of drinking water for the chickens, but also prevent the drinking water from falling into the trough and causing the feed to ferment and deteriorate.
3)Installation of nipple drinking fountains for layers
The nipple drinker for laying hens should be installed on the top of the chicken cage near the front. This can satisfy the chicken's head-up drinking habit. The height of the laying hens meets a certain requirement, and the chickens are prone to touch the nipple drinking fountains during activities, causing water leakage, resulting in long-term moisture in the body of the chickens, which is not conducive to the cleaning of the chickens.Therefore, the nipple drinker for laying hens should be installed between two adjacent cages, so that the chickens are not easy to touch when moving, thereby reducing the chance of water leakage. At the same time, the chickens in each chicken cages have 2 nipple drinkers to drink water, which improves the safety of the chickens drinking water. The drinking nipples should not be too close to the food trough. When the chickens drink water, the water will easily fall into the food trough, causing the feed to ferment and deteriorate when it encounters water, which will affect the health of the chickens.
The above are the general requirements for the installation of the nipple drinker. It must be scientifically implemented during installation and cannot be operated blindly. Especially for chickens in different periods, different installation methods should be adopted to be scientific and humanized, which will definitely improve breeding benefits.
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